Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.